Peruvian intellectual José Carlos Mariátegui (–) mentioned as a ripe site for new . tegui calls “el problema del indio.” Mariátegui’s. En este programa tratamos un capítulo de Siete ensayos de interpretación la realidad peruana de José Carlos Mariátegui. Puedes leerlo. Esquema de la evolución económicaEl problema del indioEl problema de la tierraEl proceso de la instrucción públicaEl factor religioso.
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There has been no general improvement in farm settlements.
The gamonal as an economic factor is, therefore, completely disqualified. These have been the principal factors in the preservation and development of the latifundium. The republic introduced these principles into its statutes. Indenture attracts the laborers of the sierra to coastal agriculture by offering them better pay. Accusations are even found in civilismo literature. proglema
The mariatrgui problem, which the republic has not yet been able to solve, dominates all other problems. In the sierra, its effects would be much more limited and doubtful. The best lands of the coastal valleys are planted with cotton and sugar cane, not exactly because they are suited to these crops, but because only these crops are important at present to English and American businessmen.
The large landholders themselves have recognized the advisability of establishing—very gradually and cautiously—colonies of small property owners. The racial prejudices of the medieval aristocrat and the white colonizer have combined in the coastal latifundista. But since it nevertheless left the power and force of feudal property intact, it invalidated its own measures for protecting the small landowner and farmer. The revolution had not really raised a new class to mariztegui.
In place of encomiendas, there were farms. Although mainly the urban bourgeoisie and proletariat have directed and carried out both kinds of revolution, the peasant has been the immediate beneficiary. But these indoo traits common to all regimes mariateguu antiquity.
José Carlos Mariátegui by Lesly Palomino on Prezi
Democratic and liberal institutions cannot flourish or operate in a semi-feudal economy. In this way, this group was compelled by its economic role to assume the function of the bourgeoisie in Peru, although it did not lose its colonial and aristocratic vices and prejudices. The indigenous race is a race of farmers. When new cities arose in the middle of the desert, their lots were not distributed among ep they were put up for public sale, after first being subdivided according to mairategui overall plan for the new city, with the condition that no one person could purchase many lots at indoo.
Ponce de Leon of the University of Cuzco that gives first-hand documentation of all the varieties of tenant farming and sharecropping existing in that huge department.
The two factors that kept the independence movement from taking up the agrarian problem in Peru—the prob,ema rudimentary state of the urban bourgeoisie and the extra-social vel, as Echevarria defines it, of the Indian—later prevented the governments of the republic from developing a policy aimed in some way at a more equitable distribution of land. Our latifundistas, our landholders, may think that they are independent, but they are actually only intermediaries or agents of foreign capital.
In the social organism he is a cancer that erodes national sentiments and ideals. This provision resulted, politically, in the death of the oligarchy, the aristocracy, the latifundium; socially, in the rise of the bourgeoisie and the mestizo; mariateguui dividing inheritances equally—in the formation of small properties, previously blocked by the great estates of the nobility.
As the Spaniards found that they daily needed more labor for the exploitation of the wealth they had conquered, they resorted to the most antisocial and primitive system of colonization: Large or medium tenant farmers work a very high percentage of land, which is owned by landlords who have never managed their own mariateui. There was no surer means of shackling the peasant to the land and, at the same time, of keeping his emigration down to a minimum.
In Chumbivilcas, there is a similar arrangement. With the problma of exterminating the indigenous population and destroying its institutions, the conquistadors impoverished and bled, more than they could realize, the fabulous country they had won for the king of Spain. The author of El pueblo del sol cites as evidence the thousands of huacos he has seen.
Under the Inca regime, duly established work on road construction was a compulsory public service, entirely compatible with the principles of modern socialism; under the colonial regime of latifundium and servitude, the same service turned into the hated mita.
Control of the land by a class of rentiers imposes indik production the heavy burden of maintaining an income that is not mariatetui to the vicissitudes of agriculture.
Programa 57 – Escuela de cuadros – El problema del indio (Mariategui)
A new legal and economic order must be, in any case, the work of a class and not of a caudillo. In his study of the social situation in colonial Peru, Professor Javier Prado, whose premises I naturally do not share, reached conclusions that deal with an aspect of precisely this failure of colonization:.
Aguirre Morales says that there was no theft in Inca society simply because of lack of imagination for wrongdoing.
Its civilization was agrarian in all its important I aspects. On an economic plane, the feudal lord or gamonal is the first one responsible for the worthlessness of his land. As capitalist technique advances in coastal agriculture, the wage earner replaces the yanacon. We dispute and, if necessary, reject the testimony of colonial chroniclers. It is impossible to organize an economy without a clear understanding and sure appreciation, if not of its principles, at least of its needs.
Books by José Carlos Mariátegui (Author of Seven Interpretive Essays on Peruvian Reality)
mariateggui Without any special favors from their monarchs and in a sort of moral rebellion against the king of England, the colonizers of the north proceeded to develop a system of private property under which each one paid the price of his land and occupied only as much as he could cultivate. Therefore what use would this liberty invented by our civilization be to the Indian? Both orders, but especially the Jesuits, created several interesting production centers in Peru.
We decry not our Spanish but our feudal legacy.